(1906-1972) Born on March 14, 1906 in Istanbul, Ulvi Cemal Erkin graduated from Galatasaray College, then was sent to Paris on a government stipend. After five years there, he studied at the École Normale de Musique, where he was a student of Nadia Boulanger. Upon his return to Turkey in 1930, he became a teacher of harmony and piano at the Music Teachers' College in Ankara. During this time, he also finished his first compositions, which he had begun during his time in Paris. In 1932, he married the famous pianist Ferhunde Erkin, who was a piano teacher at the same school and who had performed nearly thirty piano concertos in Turkey for the first time. In 1942, he won the Arts Award of the Republic People's Party with his piano concerto, and in 1946, conducted the Philharmonic Orchestra of the Prime Ministry in a concert composed of his own works. Up until his death, Erkin taught classes in piano and composition at the State Conservatory, which he had directed from 1949-1951. Some of his works include: Iki Dans (Two dances, 1930), Konçertino (1932), Karagöz (1940), Köçekçe (1943), Birinci Senfoni (First symphony, 1944-46), Keman Konçertosu (Violin concerto, 1947), Keloglan (1950), Ninni, Emprovizasyon ve Zeybek Türküsü (Lullaby, improvisation and Zebyek folk song, 1929-1932), Keman ve Piyano için Yayli Çalgilar Dörtlüsü (String quartet for violin and piano, 1935-36), Duyuslar (Impressions, 1937) and Piyano Besli (Five pieces for piano, 1943).